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The portrait also appeared in a funeral speech by Mathias Franconius, published probably at the same time. Its author, Jacob Filipowski from Opole identified with Opole Lubelskie in Lublin Voivodeship , attended the funeral ceremony in Cracow.
The book is dedicated to Bernard Maciejowski, Castellan of Radom. In the dedication, Filipowski emphasizes that Sigismund I the Old was not only an ideal ruler, but also a pious Christian, and his subjects should follow his example.
The authorship of the work is sometimes attributed to Giovanni Cini? Producer: anonymous Object type: medal of gratitude produced on the occasion of the birth of the prince and heir Sigismund II Augustus Production: Cracow, , restrike of a later date Physical description: cast circular blackened tin medal with pendant, diameter: 27,,8 mm, height with pendant: 32,8 mm, weight: 9,03 g Bibliographic references: Gumowski M.
Unique copy of a song written for the third wedding of Sigismund II Augustus in , one of the earliest examples of a polyphonic song published as a separate booklet.
Only three leaves of the original work have survived, probably the first part of the song, as the text focuses only on the circumstances of the wedding and on the reasons why Sigismund chose Catherine of Austria for his future wife.
The description of the wedding itself does not appear in the text. Although Sigismund II Augustus decided to wed Catherine sister of his first wife because of political reasons, the song presents his motifs in a different light, through royal ideology and Christian piety.
The text is accompanied by music notes, written for four voices. The same cantus firmus in the tenor voice was to emphasize the joyful nature of these two events.
Letter signed by Sigismund II Augustus, written in Vilnius in to Ludovicus Montius, Polish representative in Italy active in The letter, written in Italian, focuses on the question of money that was given to Montius for his service.
The letter is a part of a larger collection comprising letters to Montius by, e. Bona Sforza, Stanislaus Hosius, Philip Padniewski. Turska, vol. Obverse with a bust of Sigismund II Augustus en face.
Narrow edging, protruding parts of the obverse very much worn. XX: 82; Skarby Historii Polski. Obverse with a bust of Sigismund II Augustus facing right.
The King is presented with a small moustache and long forked beard, without any headwear, wearing Renaissance armour, with some of its elements breastplate, bevor with faulds, fragment of the pauldron clearly visible, shirt with a small ruff.
Reverse with a figure reminiscent of the coat of arms of Lithuania: charging armour-clad knight on horseback holding a sword, knight with a crested helm, in right profile.
Producer: Herwijck, Steven Cornelis van Hartwijck; ca Object type: medal of Sigismund II Augustus Production: Vilnius? Obverse with a bust of the Queen Bona Sforza facing right, wearing a widow dress with two collars, with the outer one stiff, and a Renaissance coif made of translucent material through which her hair can be seen.
The medal is probably a 19th-century copy made of bolted obverse and reverse. Producer of the obverse: Giovanni Michele Pastorino de Pastorini; Object type: medal of the Queen Bona Sforza Production: Ferrara, obverse , reverse , restrikes of a later date 19th century?
Obverse with a bust of the Queen en face , wearing a Renaissance coif with a wimple, dress and fur coat. Short, seven-line letter written in Italian by Bona Sforza, with her signature.
The letter was written in Warsaw in while the queen was staying in Masovia — she spent eight years there from , when Sigismund I the Old died, to , when she left for Bari.
Little is known about the addressee of the letter. Apart from letters by Bona Sforza, the collection comprises the correspondence of Catharine of Austria third wife of Sigismund II Augustus , Sigismund II Augustus, cardinal Stanislaus Hosius.
I; Bogucka M. One of the most important legal acts was the Nihil novi constitution adopted by the Polish parliament in Wenceslaus, St.
Adalbert of Prague, St. Stanislaus, St. Florian , session of the Polish bicameral parliament with king Alexander Jagiellon see presented woodcut.
The copy held by the Ossolineum Library is one of the 12 volumes printed on parchment for high-ranking officials of the Kingdom of Poland.
Sebastiani Gilbaszewski Instigatoris Regni [second half of the 17th century]; 2. Ex Bibliotheca Ill. Et Mci Thomae Antonij in Zamoscio Ordinati Zamoyski Palatini Lublinensis [18th century]; 3.
The second edition of the so-called Third Statute of Lithuania approved in The Statutes, drawn up in three versions in , and , collected and standardised various laws of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in one document.
The need to adjust the customary and tribal laws to the changing social and political conditions appeared at the times of the Union of Krewo — different provinces adopted different legal rules and regulations which were later modified with the privileges granted by the Jagiellonians.
This legal confusion, along with some changes in the ownership structure in Lithuania, brought into sharp focus the need for codifying the laws in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
In , Alexander Jagiellon announced a plan to create a code of law of Lithuania but it was at the times of Sigismund I the Old that the actual work was initiated.
The Third Statute was elaborated to bring together the laws of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania after the Union of Lublin.
The copy presented in the exhibition is a fine and rare example of the 16th-century book printed in Cyrillic alphabet. Wilkaniec R[egent] Ziemski] G[rodzki] P[owiatu] L[idzkiego]; [Seba]stian [Lam?
One of the few existing copies of the first edition of De Republica emendanda On the Improvement of the Commonwealth by Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski, a Polish political writer.
Originally, the treatise was supposed to have five books as announced on the title page , but because of the religious censorship only three first chapters were published in Cracow in Bishop Stanislaus Hosius ordered to destroy already printed sheets of the two last books De ecclesia On Church and De schola On School.
In De Republica emendanda , Modrzewski presented his program of reforms that should be implemented in Poland, e.
Combining the thoughts of the Ancients with his own reflections, Modrzewski proposed specific solutions, but their implementation was impossible in the 16 th century — he postulated, inter alia, that all citizens should be equal before the law.
In , a German translation of all five books was published in Basel. This Arian edition does not include the book On the Church because of the censorship.
Although it was reissued many times, until it was the only existing Polish translation of De Republica emendanda. Liber Domus SS.
Christi Can. Casimiriae ad Cracoviam [16th century]; 2. Former collection of the Ossolineum Library in Lviv, shelfmark The first edition of the polemic dialogues by Stanislaus Orzechowski, which were published in when the Polish Executionist movement reached its peak.
This political movement, popular especially among lesser and middle nobility, demanded, e. The movement started to be formed at the beginning of the 16th century, but it was in , when the king himself, Sigismund II Augustus, expressed his support for the Executionists, that the implementation of its demands became a real possibility.
Stanislaus Orzechowski, who was a Roman Catholic priest and an active political writer, published then his Conversation, or Dialogue on the Executionist movement featuring the Host, the Catholic and the Protestant.
Orzechowski expressed his objections against the propositions concerning the Church, i. He concentrated on the political system of the Republic of Poland, stating that the Church is its most important element.
The royal power itself seems to be strictly subordinated to the authority of the Priest. The first edition of a political dialogue against the deputies of the Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland written by Stanislaus Orzechowski.
Orzechowski changes the traditional pattern of a quincunx — the Christian Church, which is the fifth element, is placed at the top and towers over Faith, Priest, Altar and King which all form a square.
According to this concept, Poland should be mainly dependent on the Catholic Church which is supported by secular and religious authorities working together in harmony.
Most of the dialogue held between the Catholic, the Protestant and the Author himself is dedicated to the relationship which should be established between the Catholic Church and a king.
Orzechowski suggests that the reforms of the Executionists movement should be implemented by increasing the authority of the clergy in order to control a king so that he could not abuse his power.
Relationship between these two powers is presented in the picture where a female personification of Poland called Polonia appearing here in print for the first time is standing on the shoulders of a pope and a king.
Jeremi Lasockij [17th century]; 2. A unique copy of the first printed edition of the laws promulgated by the Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland held in Poland in , one of the most known Sejms in Polish history.
The resolutions enacted by the Sejm in Lublin brought an end to a long and slow unification process of Poland and Lithuania, initiated in with the Union of Krewo that put the two countries under the same sovereign.
As Sigismund II Augustus had no male heirs, the Polish nobles feared that after his death the personal union would be broken. In the king ceded to the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland the hereditary right of the Jagiellonians to govern the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
One of the obstacles on the path to the unification of the two countries was the separate administrative and legal code of law adopted by Lithuania.
Therefore, increased efforts were made to amend the Statue in Lithuania of — its new form was approved in In the document, the king transferred some of his powers to the Lithuanian Sejm, making its competences similar to those held by the Crown Sejm.
Despite many obstacles, the Union of Lublin was concluded on July 1, Witusik, Lublin Provenance: 1. The first edition of one of the most important historiographical works of the Jagiellonian period, De origine et rebus gestis Polonorum by Martin Kromer, published in Basel in It is believed that it was Sigismund II Augustus himself who ordered it to be written to give the Poles a portrayal of Polish history that would be in line with the objectives of the Republic of Poland at that time and to provide European people with more insight into the history of Poland.
As a royal secretary and close associate of the Chancellor of Poland, Samuel Maciejowski, he had wide access to the Crown Archives.
Organizing them and collecting material for his work, Kromer created the first known inventory of the Archives with records of over most important documents.
During his research work, he was the first to suggest that Gesta principum Polonorum , the oldest Polish chronicle, was written by a monk of French origin whom he named Gallus hence its later popular title: The Chronicle of Gallus Anonymous.
His writing was attracting a lot of attention and Kromer received assistance from his friends, who provided him with documents and sent their opinions.
The Chronicle consists of 30 books in which Kromer discusses the entire history of the Commonwealth, from issues related to the genesis of the Slavic nations and the reign of the legendary Lech up to the times of Sigismund I the Old.
He devoted a separate funeral speech to King Sigismund, paying tribute to this great ruler of the Golden Age. Written in Latin and published for the first time in Basel, De origine et rebus gestis Polonorum was mostly very well received in Poland and with time, it was gaining more and more popularity, both among intellectual elites and ordinary readers.
Author: Kromer, Martin Title: Martini Cromeri De Origine Et Rebvs Gestis Polonorvm Libri XXX… [Variant B] Published: Basel: Johann Oporinus, Physical description:  leaves, , [i.
Domus Professae Soc. Jesu ad s. Pragae [17th century]; 2. At the beginning of the Jagiellonian times, they did not belong to Poland but were ruled by the Silesian dukes.
The status of both territories was changing, and they were not formally recognized as part of the Polish Crown until the times of Sigismund II Augustus, who issued privileges incorporating them into the Kingdom of Poland in It was one of the earliest printed maps of the Polish lands, so-called particular maps, i.
Since it had been reprinted several times in the editions of the Ortelius Atlas — for the first time in the Additamentum I.
Opus nunc denuo ab ipso Auctore recognitum, multisque locis castigatum, et quamplurimis nauis Tabulis atque Commentarijs auctum Published: Antwerp: Christophe Plantin, Physical description: map from an album; 24,5 x 22 cm; scale ca Inscription in the top left corner: Sta.
Pinxit, title in the cartouche edged with ornamental and corner scrollwork in the bottom right corner, linear scale in the bottom left corner, cardinal directions on the map near the frame, map of Pomerania on the same card above, map of Polish Livonia Medium: coloured copper engravings; [engraver:] Frans Hogenberg Bibliographic references: M.
Kret, Katalog dawnych map Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej w kolekcji Emeryka Hutten Czapskiego i w innych zbiorach, vol.
The copy presented in the exhibition is part of a larger volume comprising writings, excerpts and notes referring mostly to the political and state affairs of Poland in the 17 th and 18 th centuries.
The volume consists of pages, 67 of which contain Banderia Prutenorum. His Treatise on the Teutonic Order and on the war against mentioned Knights is a response to the defense of the Teutonic Order by Jan Falkenberg and Jan Vrebach of Bamberg that had accused Poland and the Polish King of supporting the pagans.
The first redaction of the treatise was written before the end of September , and it was submitted to the Council between November 11, and April 22, It presents the 16th-century cartographic image of the land within the former Teutonic Prussia.
At the time when the map was created, the land was divided into Royal Prussia, part of the Kingdom of Poland, and Ducal Prussia. In consequence, Prussia of that time, i.
It is well seen in the 16 th -century maps of Prussia by H. Zell and C. The map presented in the exhibition was created by A.
Ortelius as a modified version of cartographic data by H. Zell, published for the first time in at the scale of approx. Since it had been reprinted several times in the editions of the Ortelius Atlas , and in it was replaced with a new version created by Caspar Henneberger in Author: Zell, Heinrich , Ortelius, Abraham Title: Prussiae Descriptio ante aliquot annos ab Henrico Zellio edita, ab eoq.
Ioanni Clur, civi Gedanensi Ded. Opus nunc denuo ab ipso Auctore recognitum, multisque locis castigatum, et quamplurimis nauis Tabulis atque Commentarijs auctum Published: Antwerp: Christophe Plantin, Physical description: map from an album; 19 x 29,8 cm; scale ca Medium: coloured copper engravings; [engraver:] Frans Hogenberg.
Bibliogrphic references: M. Jäger, Prussia-Karten Entstehung der Karten — Kosten — Vertrieb. Oration on Turkish matters written by Filippo Buonaccorsi, called Callimachus, an Italian humanist and royal secretary of Casimir IV Jagiellon, John I Albert and Alexander Jagiellon.
He arrived in Poland around after a dispute with Pope. Callimachus, one of the first Italian humanists who were popularising Renaissance ideas in Poland, was also an active diplomat.
He took part in many diplomatic missions, e. Having an influence on foreign politics of Casimir IV and Alexander, he pointed to the necessity of maintaining independence from the papacy.
He is considered to be the first neo-Latin writer in Polish literature, and renowned for his works on the Ottoman Empire.
The speech was published in , but it was initially delivered by Callimachus in Rome in , during the anti-Turkish congress. His works marked the starting point for anti-Turkish literature in Poland.
The Duke repeated the homage of his father, Duke Albert of Prussia, which took place on April 10, , in Cracow, confirming the vassal status of Prussia.
The book was probably written soon after , its first edition may have been lost, and only the publication is known. The poem, composed mostly in Polish alexandrine measure, praises the greatness and strength of Poland and emphasizes the importance of the Polish-Lithuanian union.
There are only two copies of this edition of the poem that have survived to this day, both held in the Ossolineum Library.
The Jagiellonian dynasty and state. Select a category to see the exhibition. Dynasty System and law Politics and history The Jagiellonians: A Unique Renaissance Dynasty Renaissance Europe was an age of great dynasties, and the Jagiellonians were one of its most spectacular and intriguing ruling houses.
Natalia Nowakowska, University of Oxford. De vetustatibus Polonorum. Scroll down to read the description. Regum Poloniae Icones. Portraits of members of the Jagiellon family.
Portrait miniatures of the Jagiellonian Family. Sigismund I the Old Sigismund II Augustus Elizabeth of Austria Catherine of Austria Isabella, Queen of Hungary Sophia Jagiellon Catherine Jagiellon Fourth daughter of Sigismund I the Old and Bona Sforza, wife of John III of Sweden m.
Anna Jagiellon Distributa Viceprocurationis Nepolomiensis censuum pro thesauro Regio. Letter of Casimir IV Jagiellon to Michael, Chancellor of Moldavia.
Great Royal Seal. Lesser Royal Seal. Medal of Sigismund I the Old. Medal of gratitude produced on the occasion of the birth of the prince and heir Sigismund II Augustus.
Letter to Ludovicus Montius signed by Sigismund II Augustus.